i am having a problem transferring Bitcoin Cash from Trezor wallet to Binance (and also kraken)
i have very carefully cut and pasted the address on Binance in the send address on the Trezor wallet and i have done this numerous times. each time it says "invalid address. " i then tried the same process with a different address (of course) on Kraken and once again, the Wallet says invalid address. however, i am cutting and pasting the address for Bitcoin Cash so there is no way that i am getting it wrong both times. it is November 11, well ahead of the fork. suggestions greatly appreciated. thanks david [email protected]
First of all,please upvote for visibility + more opinions- this concernsall of us. Also, if you're stupid enough to think you'll get away with avoiding tax's despite KYC'ing to Coinbase & Binance don't bother commenting. News flash! you're gonna end up paying that tax in the long run + huge fines eating into your gains (or even putting you into debt). Anyways... I started investing in 2017. As a noob I did what most people did, chased multiple shitcoins, bought and sold various different pumps getting wrecked along the way. Then towards the end of the year, my portfolio increased significantly... but I DIDN'T sell - so I didn't "crystalise" any gainz. (I sold a couple hundred here and there during hard financial times, but I'm guessing nothing close to the free capital gains allowance). Fast forward just over 2 years, since then I've been buying BTC/ETH/XMR on a consistent basis. It's getting to the point where if I were to sell enough of my stack, I'd owe tax as it'd be over the "allowed" CGT threshold. That leads me to my question... how the fuck are you supposed to calculate capital gains tax when it comes to crypto? For the past 3 years I've traded in and out of alt-coins on multiple exchanges (some of which don't even exist anymore). It would be easy if it was just FIAT IN vs FIAT OUT, but the fact that CRYPTO to CRYPTO is considered taxable just makes it a nightmare! On top of that I did some freelance work (paid in BTC) which adds to the complexity. Take another example of what confuses me: Say I bought 1BTC on Coinbase in 2017, then 1BTC on Kraken in 2018, then 0.5BTC on Coinbase again in 2019, and hold them all in the same wallet. Then if I were to sell 0.5BTC in 2020, what Bitcoin was actually sold? Half of the 1 BTC bought in 2017? Is it FIFO? I genuinely don't know where to start and need help. I don't want to be in a shitty situation (for example some massive 2017-esque bull run happens just before the end of the tax year and I decide to cash out and have 3 days to sort shit out). I want to be prepared. I've come across services such as https://www.cointracker.io/ /https://bitcoin.tax/ etc but feel really hesitant to give quasi-unknown companies full read access to my wallet addresses, portfolio amount, personal email address etc. Privacy is key in the crypto space and I don't want another attack vector especially after seeing much more established companies such as Ledger fucking up (idiots) and losing my personal data. What do I do? I've even thought of selling EVERYTHING to FIAT and immediately buying it all back and taking whatever fine comes my way on the chin just so I can clearly track crypto transactions and not have to stress about it. If anyone has experience with crypto tax's please share any information that may be valuable to me/all the many others that are in the same situation as me. TL;DR: Bought loads of Bitcoin and Shitcoins throughout the past 3 years, finally starting to total up to an amount that'd be taxable if I sold a chunk - dafuq do I do regarding Taxes?
Ultimate glossary of crypto currency terms, acronyms and abbreviations
Usually, bull markets attract a lot of new investors - although speculators should be the right word here - and as usual, a lot of them are going to be crushed a way or another. First, before putting a single dollar, euro or whatever in the market, you should read a lot to know exactly what you're looking for. Are you here for the tech and/or the cypherpunk ethos ? Great, there's lot of resources out there (my links are cleaned but as always, do your due diligence) :
The Bitcoin Whitepaper, the one and only : bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf Since I'm linking to bitcoin.org, friendly reminder to avoid bitcoin.com, owned by a former supporter now con-artist Roger Ver.
Andreas Antonopoulos website : https://aantonop.com Andreas is one of best guys able to educate on bitcoin and its properties, for free, which helps.
Jameson Lopp website : lopp.net Jameson is a member of Bitcoin Core, cypherpunk, also able to educate a lot. His website is full of free resources and other links. You'll have a lot to read.
Hal Finney : he's unfortunately dead but I would advise to read about Hal Finney, the first to receive bitcoin Satoshi. A great cryptographer, the inventor of the first reusable PoW and one of the first bitcoin supporters. You'll be able to find his messages on this old forum Bitcoin Talk, by the way you'll be able to find the first chats about bitcoin on this forum bitcointalk.org
Monero website : getmonero.org Yep, I know it's gonna be controversial to post an altcoin link but personally, I think that Monero (aka XMR) is the only other coin with a big cypherpunk community, decentralized, and able to help newcomers with a great sense of responsibility, since the ethos here is to save privacy.
What Bitcoin Did : of course, Peter is controversial but I love him and I find his former blog and his podcasts very needed because he doesn't oversell himself. Pete knows that he's not a tech guy (like many of us) and just wants to spread the word, I think he does a good job with this.
Now, you've read and you want to put some skin in the game. Several exchanges are acceptable, a lot of aren't, be careful and assume that none really are (know that I won't post any ref links) :
to me, the best, although it's UI is quite old : Kraken €/$/pound/swiss franc on-off ramp
Coinbase and Coinbase Pro Difficult not to mention Coinbase, although I can't stand Brian Armstrong and the way they are doing their best to support scams currently. You should rather use Coinbase Pro if you have to since the fees are much lower.
Binance Binance came later than the previous ones but has managed to take most of the market. Now, you should remember what I said about being careful.
Huobi The biggest chinese exchange and they work closely with chinese official. Again, careful.
Bittrex Once at the top, now somewhere in the limbs.
A lot of new comers came recently like btse, ftx, feel free to try them while always keeping in mind that once your money is on exchanges, it's not yours anymore.
This was for centralized exchanges aka CEX. Talking about custodial, you'll need wallets to store your (bit)coins. Always try to use non-custodial wallets, which means wallets that give you your private keys. This way, if the software goes down, you can always retreive your money. Now, I won't link to all the existing wallets but will advise you to buy hardware wallets (trezor or ledger but there are others) or to create (on off-gap computers) paper wallets you're able to store safely (against all risks, not only robbery but housefire). You also could use your memory with brain wallets but, my gosh, I wouldn't trust myself. For Bitcoin (or even Litecoin), Electrum software can do a good job (but save your keys). AGAIN, DON'T KEEP YOUR SAVINGS ON AN EXCHANGE Now, about trading : it's been repeated and repeated but don't chase pumps and altcoins. Yep, it's probably the fastest way to make money. It's also the fastest to lose it. I won't lie : I made good money during the 2017-bullrun and I took profits but I also forgot to sell some shitcoins thinking it would keep going up, now I'm still holding these bags (although I don't really care). I know that a lot forgot to take profits. Take profits, always take profits, whatever your strategy is. Don't fall for people trying to sell you their bags, for ICOs trying to sell you a product which isn't released yet and obviously, don't fall for people asking for your private key. Also, know that there's two endgames : accumulating bitcoin or fiat. I'm rather in the first team but whatever your strategy is, take profits. (Yes, I know, some will say accumulating ethereum or something else). It's true that a lot of ethereum holders made a lot of money during the last bullrun (ethereum helped me make money too) but I'm really biased in favor of bitcoin (and monero). So, pick your coin but again, do your due diligence. A lot of people here or there will talk about the best tech, the fact that bitcoin is old and slow. I would need another post to go further on this point but know that a lof of air flight systems are old too but reliable. Trustless and reliable is the point here. This is the post from someone who bought bitcoin seven or six years ago, who lost part of them, who spent part of them (but don't regret this at all), who is still learning and I hope it will help others, although it would need a book to be complete.
Sàn Bittrex và những điều cần được giải đáp từ A đến Z
Sàn Bittrex là một trong các sàn tiền ảo có giao dịch lớn nhất trên thế giới tính theo khối lượng giao dịch. Bộ API của nó cho phép giao dịch nhanh chóng và dễ dàng. Đồng thời, hệ thống giám sát tự động của nó cung cấp tiền gửi và rút tiền nhanh chóng, làm cho nó trở thành một sàn giao dịch lý tưởng cho những người muốn giao dịch hiệu quả trên quy mô lớn. Được thành lập bởi các kỹ sư có kiến thức nền tảng về an ninh mạng khiến nó trở thành một trong những sàn giao dịch an toàn hơn hiện đang hoạt động. Bài viết hôm nay chúng ta sẽ cùng nhau bàn về tất tần tật mọi khía cạnh của sàn Bittrex cũng như hướng dẫn cách đăng ký tài khoản dành cho những người mới.
Bittrex là gì ?
https://preview.redd.it/z22be5e2xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=a72d24f8a35ad18bb41131ec297c5498fb00d8ce Giao diện sàn Bittrex Bittrex là một sàn giao dịch kỳ cựu hướng tới các nhà giao dịch có kinh nghiệm. Có trụ sở tại Seattle, Hoa Kỳ và Lichtenstein (Bittrex Global), nó cho phép mua trực tiếp tiền điện tử bằng cách sử dụng đô la Mỹ cũng như giao dịch giữa hơn 220 loại tiền điện tử thông qua công cụ giao dịch mạnh mẽ với giao diện đẹp mắt. Bittrex cũng có một bộ API của riêng mình, có thể được sử dụng để giao dịch tự động với bot. Đã được đưa ra bởi các nhân viên cũ của Microsoft và Amazon, một trong những điểm thu hút lớn nhất của nó là khả năng bảo mật mạnh mẽ (nó chưa bao giờ bị tấn công). Các đặc quyền khác của việc sử dụng sàn giao dịch Bittrex bao gồm tính thanh khoản cao, tính khả dụng trên toàn thế giới (bao gồm cả các nhà giao dịch từ Hoa Kỳ), ứng dụng di động hữu ích và phí giao dịch thấp. Các tính năng đáng chú ý của sàn giao dịch Bittrex bao gồm:
Hơn 220 loại tiền điện tử. Giao dịch Bitcoin, Litecoin, XRP và các đồng tiền hàng đầu ít được biết đến khác để thu được lợi nhuận lớn.
Nền tảng mạnh mẽ, bảo mật và đáng tin cậy. Bittrex được thành lập bởi các cựu kỹ sư bảo mật và chưa từng bị hack trước đây. Bên cạnh đó, nó tuân thủ các quy định, làm cho nó trở thành một sàn giao dịch đáng tin cậy.
Bittrex cho phép bạn gửi và rút tiền tệ fiat trực tiếp vào tài khoản ngân hàng của bạn. Nếu bạn muốn nạp tiền vào tài khoản của mình một cách nhanh chóng, bạn có thể sử dụng tính năng gửi tiền bằng thẻ tín dụng / thẻ ghi nợ, tính năng này gần như tức thì và chỉ tốn 3% cho mỗi giao dịch. G
iao dịch thông minh trên di động. Ứng dụng di động Bittrex dành cho Android và iOS cho phép bạn giao dịch các thị trường tiền điện tử yêu thích của mình mọi lúc mọi nơi.
Đội ngũ hỗ trợ khách hàng hữu ích. Bittrex có một nền tảng kiến thức sâu rộng, dạy cho người dùng tất cả những gì họ cần biết về giao dịch trên nền tảng của nó. Nếu điều đó không hữu ích, bạn sẽ mời qua Zendesk.
Nhìn chung, Bittrex là một sàn giao dịch tiền điện tử lâu năm, phù hợp nhất cho các nhà đầu tư doanh nghiệp muốn tiếp xúc với thị trường tiền điện tử. Nhiều loại tiền điện tử, bảo mật cấp cao và phí tương đối thấp là một ưu đãi tuyệt vời cho hầu hết những người đam mê tiền điện tử.
Những câu hỏi thường gặp về sàn Bittrex
Dưới đây là một số câu hỏi mà nhà đầu tư khi tìm hiểu rất thắc mắc về sàn Bittrex
Trang web này có cung cấp cho người dùng giao dịch ký quỹ không?
Không, nền tảng này không cung cấp dịch vụ như vậy, nhưng việc quản lý dịch vụ đang làm việc tại đó.
Có khả năng mở nhiều tài khoản bởi một người không?
Bạn có thể có nhiều tài khoản trên trang web này. Tuy nhiên, bạn nên liên hệ với nhóm hỗ trợ và thông báo cho họ về việc bạn muốn tạo nhiều tài khoản dưới cùng một ID. Hãy nhớ rằng tài khoản do một người tạo không thể giao dịch với nhau.
Các cách rút tiền trên Bittrex là gì?
Người dùng của trang web này không thể rút tiền của họ bằng USD, nhưng họ có thể rút tiền bằng Bitcoin. Nếu bạn muốn nhận tiền của mình bằng đô la, vui lòng truy cập trang ví và tạo một địa chỉ mới bằng ví bạn định nhận tiền. Bạn có thể tìm thấy danh sách phí rút tiền Bittrex hiện tại trên trang web.
Phí giao dịch trên sàn Bittrex
Bittrex tính phí hoa hồng 0,2% cho tất cả các giao dịch. Ví dụ: nếu khách hàng mua một bitcoin với giá 10.000 USD, điều này có nghĩa là họ sẽ trả khoảng 20 USD tiền hoa hồng. So với các sàn giao dịch tiền điện tử khác như Binance, Kraken và Bitfinex, phí giao dịch cơ sở của Bittrex chiếm vị trí trung bình – đây không phải là sàn giao dịch rẻ nhất hay đắt nhất dành cho các nhà giao dịch khối lượng thấp. Khi nói đến phí gửi và rút tiền, Bittrex cho phép bạn nạp tiền vào tài khoản đã xác minh của mình bằng thẻ ngân hàng (VISA), chuyển khoản ngân hàng, chuyển khoản SEPA hoặc tiền điện tử. Tiền gửi bằng VISA đi kèm với phí 3%, trong khi chi phí chuyển khoản phụ thuộc vào ngân hàng của bạn. Theo nguyên tắc chung, chuyển khoản SEPA có xu hướng rẻ hơn và nhanh hơn so với chuyển khoản ngân hàng truyền thống. Đối với phí gửi tiền điện tử, Bittrex không tính phí bất kỳ khoản phí nào, bao gồm cả tiền gửi fiat. Tuy nhiên, nó có tính phí rút tiền, với giá của chúng thay đổi tùy theo loại tiền điện tử được rút. Bittrex nhìn chung khá cạnh tranh khi nói đến phí rút tiền. Điều đó nói rằng, chúng không phải là lựa chọn rẻ nhất hiện có khi nói đến giao dịch hoặc rút tiền với khối lượng thấp cho bất kỳ loại tiền điện tử cụ thể nào. Mặc dù vậy, các nhà giao dịch khối lượng lớn vẫn đủ điều kiện để được giảm giá đáng kể khi khối lượng giao dịch trong 30 ngày của họ tăng lên.
Đánh giá về sàn Bittrex
Dưới đây là một số đánh giá của người dùng trên các diễn đàn tiền điện tử về sàn tiền ảo uy tín Bittrex
Điều hướng trực quan
Ví đáng tin cậy
Thực hiện giao dịch nhanh chóng
Nền tảng được quy định bởi luật pháp Hoa Kỳ
Những người sáng lập hỗ trợ cả blockchain mới và đã thành lập
Trang web không bao giờ bị tấn công Người dùng có thể gửi tiền mà không có bất kỳ giới hạn nào
Xác thực hai yếu tố (2FA)
Tạo tài khoản miễn phí
Hạn mức rút tiền hợp lý
Người dùng phải đợi lâu để nhận được phản hồi từ bộ phận hỗ trợ khách hàng
Quá trình xác minh có thể mất một chút thời gian
Hướng dẫn mở tài khoản Bittrex
Làm theo các bước sau để tạo và xác minh tài khoản Bittrex. Khách hàng của Bittrex Global sẽ được tự động chuyển hướng đến trang đăng ký Bittrex Global. Tất cả tài khoản Bittrex phải được xác minh. Lưu ý: Tất cả các tài khoản Bittrex chỉ được tạo bởi một địa chỉ email duy nhất, đây cũng là tên người dùng để đăng nhập vào tài khoản. Quá trình tạo và xác minh tài khoản bao gồm nhiều biện pháp bảo mật để ngăn chặn truy cập trái phép và bảo vệ tài khoản Bittrex của bạn. Hãy kiên nhẫn và làm theo tất cả các hướng dẫn một cách cẩn thận. Để bắt đầu quá trình đăng ký tài khoản, hãy truy cập: https://www.bittrex.com/Account/Register
Nhập địa chỉ email của bạn vào trường địa chỉ email. Địa chỉ email này cũng sẽ được sử dụng làm tên người dùng Bittrex của bạn. Nhập mật khẩu vào trường mật khẩu. Mật khẩu phải dài ít nhất 8 ký tự. Để tăng cường bảo mật cho mật khẩu, bạn nên tạo mật khẩu gồm 12 ký tự trở lên bao gồm cả chữ cái, số và ký hiệu đặc biệt.
Xác minh Email
Nhấp vào Create Account. Một email xác minh sẽ được gửi cho bạn. Truy cập vào hộp thư đến của email và nhấp vào liên kết “Verify Email” trong email để xác minh địa chỉ email của bạn. Sau khi xác minh thành công địa chỉ email của bạn, bạn sẽ được yêu cầu xem xét kỹ điều khoản dịch vụ. Khi bạn đã đọc, hiểu và đồng ý với tất cả các điều kiện và hạn chế để sở hữu và sử dụng tài khoản Bittrex, hãy nhấp vào Accept Terms. https://preview.redd.it/u7vq1jc4xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=cc1df4684b70d223456a48f415d43935e0820da3 Xác nhận email khi đăng ký sàn Bittrex
Hoàn thành thông tin cơ bản khi đăng ký sàn Bittrex
Nhấn Continue để chuyển sang xác minh hồ sơ cá nhân. Tất cả tài khoản Bittrex phải được xác minh bằng giấy tờ tùy thân do chính phủ cấp. Để bắt đầu quá trình, hãy nhấp vào Start Verification. Bạn sẽ được yêu cầu chụp ảnh nhận dạng chính thức của chính phủ và ảnh tự chụp khuôn mặt để xác minh danh tính của mình. Bạn nên sử dụng hộ chiếu cho ID. Đây là thông tin nhận dạng được chấp nhận rộng rãi nhất trên thế giới. Thực hiện theo các hướng dẫn xác minh ID một cách cẩn thận. Các hình ảnh cần thiết có thể được chụp trên thiết bị của bạn hoặc tải lên từ một tệp. Bạn sẽ cần chụp ảnh mặt trước của giấy tờ tùy thân và ảnh tự chụp. Nếu tải lên tài liệu không phải là hộ chiếu, bạn cũng có thể được yêu cầu phải gửi hình ảnh mặt sau của ID. Tải lên ảnh tự chụp không tương thích. Bạn phải sử dụng thiết bị có camera để chụp ảnh tự sướng khi được nhắc nhở . Nếu bạn đang sử dụng máy tính không có camera, vui lòng chọn Quốc gia / Khu vực phát hành và Loại ID. Trang tiếp theo sẽ nhắc bạn gửi ID của mình, bạn có thể chọn Switch to mobile để tiếp tục trên thiết bị di động của bạn. Chọn tùy chọn phù hợp nhất với bạn (email, mã QR, liên kết sao chép) để tiếp tục trên thiết bị di động của bạn. Bằng cách gửi ảnh tự chụp bản thân, người dùng có thể tránh được lý do khiến mọi người gặp phải sự chậm trễ trong việc xác minh danh tính. Hãy đảm bảo luôn mở trang web của bạn trong khi sử dụng thiết bị di động của bạn.Bất kỳ tệp được gửi nào không đáp ứng các yêu cầu này sẽ tự động bị lỗi. Nếu điều này xảy ra, bạn sẽ được hướng dẫn lặp lại các bước xác minh với một số mẹo về cách gửi xác minh thành công. Sau ba lần thử không thành công, bạn sẽ phải gửi phiếu hỗ trợ để được hỗ trợ bạn trong quá trình xác minh. https://preview.redd.it/avf1ffm5xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=52c3b3dfe13c4b58ef3435df149b29e359ed727a Xác minh thông tin trên sàn Bittrex Quá trình xác minh ID có thể mất đến 10 phút để phê duyệt. Bạn phải luôn mở trang web trong khi quá trình xác minh đang xử lý. Sau khi xác minh ID thành công, bạn sẽ tự động được chuyển sang bước tiếp theo của quy trình. Để tuân thủ các quy định của Hoa Kỳ và xác minh thêm danh tính của bạn, bạn sẽ được yêu cầu cung cấp số an sinh xã hội của mình. Nếu bạn không có số an sinh xã hội, chọn No và hệ thống sẽ yêu cầu bạn gửi số hộ chiếu để thay thế. Khi danh tính của bạn đã được xác minh thành công, bạn sẽ nhận được một thông báo cho biết bạn đã xác minh danh tính thành công. Để bắt đầu sử dụng tài khoản Bittrex mới của bạn, hãy nhấp vào Start Trading!
Hướng dẫn gửi/rút tiền trên sàn Bittrex
Trước khi bạn có thể mua hoặc bán bất kỳ thứ gì trên Bittrex, bạn sẽ cần gửi tiền vào đó để giao dịch. Bạn có thể gửi đô la Mỹ, Bitcoin hoặc altcoin vào tài khoản của mình. Đối với tiền tệ fiat có hơi rắc rối một chút khi bạn buộc phải nhấp vào liên kết này và điền đầy đủ thông tin yêu cầu của Bittrex bittrexglobal.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/requests/new?ticket_form_id=360000352300 và chờ từ 5-10 ngày để được xét duyệt gửi tiền vào Bittrex. Còn đối với gửi tiền điện tử, hãy theo dõi những bước cụ thể dưới đây, đừng quên xác minh tài khoản của bạn trước khi bắt đầu.
Nhấp vào “Holdings” ở phía trên bên phải của trang web.
Tìm kiếm ví bạn sẽ gửi và nhấp vào “Gửi” trong tab Hành động.
Để gửi tiền, vui lòng sao chép địa chỉ Ví của bạn. Nếu bạn không có địa chỉ ví, hãy nhấp vào “Generate new wallet address”. Nếu ví đang được bảo trì, bạn sẽ thấy thông báo biển báo màu vàng chấm than
Trên thanh menu chọn lệnh Market. Ở giao diện này bạn sẽ thấy được thị trường đang hoạt động của các đồng tiền điện tử được phép giao dịch trên sàn Bittrex. Click vào một loiaj mà bạn muốn mua/bán. Ví dụ ở bài viết bài là đồng BTC USD. Chọn Buy sau đó nhập số lượng BTC và giá cần mua, hệ thống sẽ tự động hiển thị tổng cộng giao dịch cần thanh toán bao gồm cả phí. Nhấn Place Buy Order để mở giao dịch bán. Và tương tự như vậy cho hành động Sell. https://preview.redd.it/4697axv6xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=87500bc63d5b58ba0ccd0dc2c6fda664ec1d6c85 Mua bán tiền ảo trên sàn Bittrex
Bittrex là một sàn tiền ảo lâu năm và uy tín. Vì vậy đa số những người mới tham gia đầu tư tiền điện tử đều có nhu cầu tìm hiểu về sàn Bittrex. Hy vọng bài viết trên đây sẽ giúp được bạn đọc có những nhìn nhận tổng quát nhất về sàn tiền ảo uy tín này và biết được cách đăng ký tài khoản. Để biết thêm thông tin về các sàn tiền ảo tốt nhất đừng quên đọc thêm các bài viết khác của chúng tôi nhé.Xem thêm: Sàn OKEx và tất tần tật những điều liên quan mà bạn cần phải biết
Hướng dẫn cách mua tiền ảo Ripple bằng các hình thức khác nhau
Có vẻ như mọi người đang đổ xô nhảy vào đầu tư tiền điện tử trong những năm gần lại đây. Trong đó Ripple (XRP) đang nhanh chóng trở thành một trong những đồng tiền thay thế hot nhất trên thị trường. Cách mua tiền ảo Ripple nhưu thế nào? Và mua ở đâu? Bài viết hôm nay chúng ta sẽ cùng nhau bàn về vấn đề này.
Ví tiền ảo là nơi lưu trữ, gửi hoặc nhận tiền điện tử kỹ thuật số thông qua việc có một khóa đặc biệt. Ví tiền điện tử có thể là ví vật lý hoặc ví trực tuyến và thường cung cấp dịch vụ trao đổi ngoài việc lưu trữ. Một số ví Ripple bao gồm Leger Nano S – một lựa chọn hấp dẫn đối với nhiều người do hình thức vật lý của nó (nó trông giống như một thẻ USB). Một lựa chọn phổ biến khác là Toast Wallet, một ví trực tuyến miễn phí hỗ trợ XRP. Nó là một ví mã nguồn mở có thể chứa Windows, Android và iOS. Abra Wallet là một lựa chọn khác cho ví trực tuyến cung cấp cả dịch vụ ví và trao đổi. Tuy nhiên, độ tin cậy của nó có phần không chắc chắn, vì vậy hãy cẩn thận khi chọn ví tiền ảo.
Sàn giao dịch Ripple
Sàn giao dịch tiền điện tử về cơ bản là nơi mọi người có thể chuyển và trao đổi các loại tiền tệ khác nhau (có thể là tiền điện tử hoặc đô la). Điều này thường có thể được thực hiện bằng cách chuyển một loại tiền tệ như USD hoặc Euro thành tiền điện tử như Bitcoin hoặc Ripple và ngược lại. Có một số sàn giao dịch khác nhau mà Ripple sử dụng và được đề xuất. Một số trong số những cái được đề xuất nhiều nhất là Binance và Bitsane, nhưng trang web Ripple cũng khuyến nghị Bitstamp, Kraken và thêm một số sàn giao dịch khác. Một số sàn giao dịch này không thể chuyển USD thành XRP (Ripple token), nhưng một số thì có. Trước khi chọn sử dụng, hãy đảm bảo rằng bạn biết tùy chọn nào phù hợp nhất với mình và liệu bạn muốn chuyển trực tiếp từ USD hay sử dụng phương pháp khác như chuyển từ một loại tiền điện tử khác (như Bitcoin hoặc Ethereum) sang XRP.
Có một số sàn giao dịch khác nhau để mua Ripple. Ví dụ sử dụng sàn tiền ảo tốt nhất – Binance. Như thường lệ với nhiều sàn giao dịch, bạn không thể mua Ripple trực tiếp trên Binance bằng USD, vì vậy trước tiên bạn sẽ phải mua một đồng tiền khác như Bitcoin hoặc Ethereum và chuyển chúng sang Binance.. Để mua Ripple bằng Coinbase và Binance, bạn cần phải:
Tạo tài khoản trên trang Binance. Điều này sẽ bao gồm việc tạo mật khẩu và nhập email của bạn vào – những thông tin cơ bản nhất.
Chuyển Bitcoin (hoặc tiền điện tử khác như Ethereum hoặc litcoin) vào tài khoản Binance của mình. Bạn có thể thực hiện việc này bằng cách cuộn qua nút “funds” trên đầu màn hình và nhấp vào “deposit withdrawals”.
Nhấp vào đồng tiền bạn muốn trao đổi ví dụ như Bitcoin (BTC) và chọn nút “deposit”. Sau đó sao chép địa chỉ BTC được cung cấp.
Sau đó, đăng nhập vào sàn giao dịch bạn sử dụng để mua Bitcoin – Coinbase và chuyển đến “accounts”. Bạn có thể mua Bitcoin trên Coinbase bằng tài khoản ngân hàng được liên kết hoặc thẻ ghi nợ.
Chuyển đến ví BTC của bạn ở phía bên trái của trang và nhấp vào “send” BTC. Thường có một khoản phí nhỏ.
Dán địa chỉ Bitcoin mà bạn đã sử dụng trên Binance vào ô “recipient” và nhập số tiền bạn muốn chuyển.
Đăng nhập lại vào Binance và trong phần “funds”, chuyển đến “deposit withdrawals” và kiểm tra “total balance” – bạn sẽ thấy Bitcoin mà bạn đã chuyển.
Để trao đổi Bitcoin của bạn thành Ripple (XRP), hãy nhấp vào nút “exchange” trên đầu trang và nhấp vào “Basic”.
Tìm kiếm “XRP” trong hộp tìm kiếm và chọn từ BTC (vì vậy nó sẽ là “XRP / BTC”). Nhấp vào số lượng Bitcoin mà bạn muốn chuyển sang Ripple (bạn có các tùy chọn bao gồm 25%, 50%, 75% hoặc 100% BTC của mình).
Chọn số tiền bạn muốn và nhấp vào “Buy XRP.” Việc chuyển tiền sẽ được thực hiện nhanh chóng, vì vậy khi bạn đã mua Ripple, hãy kiểm tra lại tiền của mình và bạn sẽ thấy XRP trong tổng số dư của mình.
Cách mua tiền ảo Ripple bằng USD
Theo trang web Ripple, bạn có thể mua Ripple trực tiếp bằng tiền mặt của mình (cho dù đó là USD, EUR hay loại khác) thông qua tài khoản ngân hàng hoặc thẻ tín dụng của bạn. Để bắt đầu bán sẽ thực hiện các bước như sau:
Tạo tài khoản trên Bitstamp và nhập thông tin cần thiết – tên người dùng và mật khẩu sẽ được gửi đến email của bạn.
Đăng nhập vào tài khoản của bạn bằng tên người dùng và mật khẩu được cung cấp, sau đó thay đổi ngay mật khẩu của bạn khi được nhắc. Bạn cũng có thể bật chế độ xác thực hai yếu tố.
Xác minh tài khoản của bạn bằng cách điền vào thông tin được nhắc ở cửa sổ. Bạn có thể tải lên các tài liệu phù hợp với yêu cầu. Nhấn “submit verification request”.
Sau khi được xác minh, hãy chuyển đến tài khoản của bạn và nhấp vào nút “deposit”, tại đây bạn sẽ có thể chọn phương thức chuyển khoản ngân hàng bạn muốn sử dụng ở phía bên trái.
Chọn “international wire transfer” và điền bất kỳ thông tin nào cần thiết.
Sử dụng chi tiết ngân hàng của Bitstamp để chuyển tiền từ tài khoản ngân hàng bạn có sang Bitstamp. Khi tiền của bạn đã chuyển thành công sang Bitstamp, hãy nhấp vào thị trường bạn muốn trao đổi (để mua Ripple bằng tiền mặt, hãy nhấp vào thị trường XRP / USD).
Chuyển đến phần “buy/sell” và nhấp vào “Buy XRP” trong “instant order (simple” Nhập số tiền bạn muốn mua vào hộp “I want to spend” và nhấp vào “Buy XRP”.
XRP sẽ được thêm vào tổng số dư trong tài khoản Bitstamp của bạn. Mặc dù các thủ tục sẽ khác một chút tùy thuộc vào sàn giao dịch bạn sử dụng, nhưng hầu hết đều khá dễ hiểu để sử dụng. Hãy chắc chắn việc nghiên cứu trước khi sử dụng bất kỳ sàn giao dịch nào để tránh bất kỳ trang web bất chính nào. Nhiều người cũng đã sử dụng PayPal như một cách để mua Bitcoin.
Ripple là một giải pháp thay thế cho Bitcoin, Ethereum và Litecoin. Khác với hầu hết các loại tiền điện tử thì Ripple thực sự sử dụng kết nối với các ngân hàng và công ty. Việc trao đổi token của Ripple đã nhanh chóng trở nên phổ biến do nó được cho là có thời gian chuyển giao rất ngắn trong các sàn giao dịch và phí thấp. Vì vậy nếu muốn mua tiền ảo Ripple bạn có thể tham khảo cách cách mua tiền ảo Ripple trên đây.Xem thêm: Cách mua tiền ảo Bitcoin từ A đến Z cho người mới tham gia
Summary: Everyone knows that when you give your assets to someone else, they always keep them safe. If this is true for individuals, it is certainly true for businesses. Custodians always tell the truth and manage funds properly. They won't have any interest in taking the assets as an exchange operator would. Auditors tell the truth and can't be misled. That's because organizations that are regulated are incapable of lying and don't make mistakes. First, some background. Here is a summary of how custodians make us more secure: Previously, we might give Alice our crypto assets to hold. There were risks:
Alice might take the assets and disappear.
Alice might spend the assets and pretend that she still has them (fractional model).
Alice might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Alice might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Alice might lose access to the assets.
But "no worries", Alice has a custodian named Bob. Bob is dressed in a nice suit. He knows some politicians. And he drives a Porsche. "So you have nothing to worry about!". And look at all the benefits we get:
Alice can't take the assets and disappear (unless she asks Bob or never gives them to Bob).
Alice can't spend the assets and pretend that she still has them. (Unless she didn't give them to Bob or asks him for them.)
Alice can't store the assets insecurely so they get stolen. (After all - she doesn't have any control over the withdrawal process from any of Bob's systems, right?)
Alice can't give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force. (Bob will stop her, right Bob?)
Alice can't lose access to the funds. (She'll always be present, sane, and remember all secrets, right?)
See - all problems are solved! All we have to worry about now is:
Bob might take the assets and disappear.
Bob might spend the assets and pretend that he still has them (fractional model).
Bob might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Bob might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Bob might lose access to the assets.
It's pretty simple. Before we had to trust Alice. Now we only have to trust Alice, Bob, and all the ways in which they communicate. Just think of how much more secure we are! "On top of that", Bob assures us, "we're using a special wallet structure". Bob shows Alice a diagram. "We've broken the balance up and store it in lots of smaller wallets. That way", he assures her, "a thief can't take it all at once". And he points to a historic case where a large sum was taken "because it was stored in a single wallet... how stupid". "Very early on, we used to have all the crypto in one wallet", he said, "and then one Christmas a hacker came and took it all. We call him the Grinch. Now we individually wrap each crypto and stick it under a binary search tree. The Grinch has never been back since." "As well", Bob continues, "even if someone were to get in, we've got insurance. It covers all thefts and even coercion, collusion, and misplaced keys - only subject to the policy terms and conditions." And with that, he pulls out a phone-book sized contract and slams it on the desk with a thud. "Yep", he continues, "we're paying top dollar for one of the best policies in the country!" "Can I read it?' Alice asks. "Sure," Bob says, "just as soon as our legal team is done with it. They're almost through the first chapter." He pauses, then continues. "And can you believe that sales guy Mike? He has the same year Porsche as me. I mean, what are the odds?" "Do you use multi-sig?", Alice asks. "Absolutely!" Bob replies. "All our engineers are fully trained in multi-sig. Whenever we want to set up a new wallet, we generate 2 separate keys in an air-gapped process and store them in this proprietary system here. Look, it even requires the biometric signature from one of our team members to initiate any withdrawal." He demonstrates by pressing his thumb into the display. "We use a third-party cloud validation API to match the thumbprint and authorize each withdrawal. The keys are also backed up daily to an off-site third-party." "Wow that's really impressive," Alice says, "but what if we need access for a withdrawal outside of office hours?" "Well that's no issue", Bob says, "just send us an email, call, or text message and we always have someone on staff to help out. Just another part of our strong commitment to all our customers!" "What about Proof of Reserve?", Alice asks. "Of course", Bob replies, "though rather than publish any blockchain addresses or signed transaction, for privacy we just do a SHA256 refactoring of the inverse hash modulus for each UTXO nonce and combine the smart contract coefficient consensus in our hyperledger lightning node. But it's really simple to use." He pushes a button and a large green checkmark appears on a screen. "See - the algorithm ran through and reserves are proven." "Wow", Alice says, "you really know your stuff! And that is easy to use! What about fiat balances?" "Yeah, we have an auditor too", Bob replies, "Been using him for a long time so we have quite a strong relationship going! We have special books we give him every year and he's very efficient! Checks the fiat, crypto, and everything all at once!" "We used to have a nice offline multi-sig setup we've been using without issue for the past 5 years, but I think we'll move all our funds over to your facility," Alice says. "Awesome", Bob replies, "Thanks so much! This is perfect timing too - my Porsche got a dent on it this morning. We have the paperwork right over here." "Great!", Alice replies. And with that, Alice gets out her pen and Bob gets the contract. "Don't worry", he says, "you can take your crypto-assets back anytime you like - just subject to our cancellation policy. Our annual management fees are also super low and we don't adjust them often". How many holes have to exist for your funds to get stolen? Just one. Why are we taking a powerful offline multi-sig setup, widely used globally in hundreds of different/lacking regulatory environments with 0 breaches to date, and circumventing it by a demonstrably weak third party layer? And paying a great expense to do so? If you go through the list of breaches in the past 2 years to highly credible organizations, you go through the list of major corporate frauds (only the ones we know about), you go through the list of all the times platforms have lost funds, you go through the list of times and ways that people have lost their crypto from identity theft, hot wallet exploits, extortion, etc... and then you go through this custodian with a fine-tooth comb and truly believe they have value to add far beyond what you could, sticking your funds in a wallet (or set of wallets) they control exclusively is the absolute worst possible way to take advantage of that security. The best way to add security for crypto-assets is to make a stronger multi-sig. With one custodian, what you are doing is giving them your cryptocurrency and hoping they're honest, competent, and flawlessly secure. It's no different than storing it on a really secure exchange. Maybe the insurance will cover you. Didn't work for Bitpay in 2015. Didn't work for Yapizon in 2017. Insurance has never paid a claim in the entire history of cryptocurrency. But maybe you'll get lucky. Maybe your exact scenario will buck the trend and be what they're willing to cover. After the large deductible and hopefully without a long and expensive court battle. And you want to advertise this increase in risk, the lapse of judgement, an accident waiting to happen, as though it's some kind of benefit to customers ("Free institutional-grade storage for your digital assets.")? And then some people are writing to the OSC that custodians should be mandatory for all funds on every exchange platform? That this somehow will make Canadians as a whole more secure or better protected compared with standard air-gapped multi-sig? On what planet? Most of the problems in Canada stemmed from one thing - a lack of transparency. If Canadians had known what a joke Quadriga was - it wouldn't have grown to lose $400m from hard-working Canadians from coast to coast to coast. And Gerald Cotten would be in jail, not wherever he is now (at best, rotting peacefully). EZ-BTC and mister Dave Smilie would have been a tiny little scam to his friends, not a multi-million dollar fraud. Einstein would have got their act together or been shut down BEFORE losing millions and millions more in people's funds generously donated to criminals. MapleChange wouldn't have even been a thing. And maybe we'd know a little more about CoinTradeNewNote - like how much was lost in there. Almost all of the major losses with cryptocurrency exchanges involve deception with unbacked funds. So it's great to see transparency reports from BitBuy and ShakePay where someone independently verified the backing. The only thing we don't have is:
ANY CERTAINTY BALANCES WEREN'T EXCLUDED. Quadriga's largest account was $70m. 80% of funds are in 20% of accounts (Pareto principle). All it takes is excluding a few really large accounts - and nobody's the wiser. A fractional platform can easily pass any audit this way.
ANY VISIBILITY WHATSOEVER INTO THE CUSTODIANS. BitBuy put out their report before moving all the funds to their custodian and ShakePay apparently can't even tell us who the custodian is. That's pretty important considering that basically all of the funds are now stored there.
ANY IDEA ABOUT THE OTHER EXCHANGES. In order for this to be effective, it has to be the norm. It needs to be "unusual" not to know. If obscurity is the norm, then it's super easy for people like Gerald Cotten and Dave Smilie to blend right in.
It's not complicated to validate cryptocurrency assets. They need to exist, they need to be spendable, and they need to cover the total balances. There are plenty of credible people and firms across the country that have the capacity to reasonably perform this validation. Having more frequent checks by different, independent, parties who publish transparent reports is far more valuable than an annual check by a single "more credible/official" party who does the exact same basic checks and may or may not publish anything. Here's an example set of requirements that could be mandated:
First report within 1 month of launching, another within 3 months, and further reports at minimum every 6 months thereafter.
No auditor can be repeated within a 12 month period.
All reports must be public, identifying the auditor and the full methodology used.
All auditors must be independent of the firm being audited with no conflict of interest.
Reports must include the percentage of each asset backed, and how it's backed.
The auditor publishes a hash list, which lists a hash of each customer's information and balances that were included. Hash is one-way encryption so privacy is fully preserved. Every customer can use this to have 100% confidence they were included.
If we want more extensive requirements on audits, these should scale upward based on the total assets at risk on the platform, and whether the platform has loaned their assets out.
There are ways to structure audits such that neither crypto assets nor customer information are ever put at risk, and both can still be properly validated and publicly verifiable. There are also ways to structure audits such that they are completely reasonable for small platforms and don't inhibit innovation in any way. By making the process as reasonable as possible, we can completely eliminate any reason/excuse that an honest platform would have for not being audited. That is arguable far more important than any incremental improvement we might get from mandating "the best of the best" accountants. Right now we have nothing mandated and tons of Canadians using offshore exchanges with no oversight whatsoever. Transparency does not prove crypto assets are safe. CoinTradeNewNote, Flexcoin ($600k), and Canadian Bitcoins ($100k) are examples where crypto-assets were breached from platforms in Canada. All of them were online wallets and used no multi-sig as far as any records show. This is consistent with what we see globally - air-gapped multi-sig wallets have an impeccable record, while other schemes tend to suffer breach after breach. We don't actually know how much CoinTrader lost because there was no visibility. Rather than publishing details of what happened, the co-founder of CoinTrader silently moved on to found another platform - the "most trusted way to buy and sell crypto" - a site that has no information whatsoever (that I could find) on the storage practices and a FAQ advising that “[t]rading cryptocurrency is completely safe” and that having your own wallet is “entirely up to you! You can certainly keep cryptocurrency, or fiat, or both, on the app.” Doesn't sound like much was learned here, which is really sad to see. It's not that complicated or unreasonable to set up a proper hardware wallet. Multi-sig can be learned in a single course. Something the equivalent complexity of a driver's license test could prevent all the cold storage exploits we've seen to date - even globally. Platform operators have a key advantage in detecting and preventing fraud - they know their customers far better than any custodian ever would. The best job that custodians can do is to find high integrity individuals and train them to form even better wallet signatories. Rather than mandating that all platforms expose themselves to arbitrary third party risks, regulations should center around ensuring that all signatories are background-checked, properly trained, and using proper procedures. We also need to make sure that signatories are empowered with rights and responsibilities to reject and report fraud. They need to know that they can safely challenge and delay a transaction - even if it turns out they made a mistake. We need to have an environment where mistakes are brought to the surface and dealt with. Not one where firms and people feel the need to hide what happened. In addition to a knowledge-based test, an auditor can privately interview each signatory to make sure they're not in coercive situations, and we should make sure they can freely and anonymously report any issues without threat of retaliation. A proper multi-sig has each signature held by a separate person and is governed by policies and mutual decisions instead of a hierarchy. It includes at least one redundant signature. For best results, 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7. History has demonstrated over and over again the risk of hot wallets even to highly credible organizations. Nonetheless, many platforms have hot wallets for convenience. While such losses are generally compensated by platforms without issue (for example Poloniex, Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Gatecoin, Coincheck, Bithumb, Zaif, CoinBene, Binance, Bitrue, Bitpoint, Upbit, VinDAX, and now KuCoin), the public tends to focus more on cases that didn't end well. Regardless of what systems are employed, there is always some level of risk. For that reason, most members of the public would prefer to see third party insurance. Rather than trying to convince third party profit-seekers to provide comprehensive insurance and then relying on an expensive and slow legal system to enforce against whatever legal loopholes they manage to find each and every time something goes wrong, insurance could be run through multiple exchange operators and regulators, with the shared interest of having a reputable industry, keeping costs down, and taking care of Canadians. For example, a 4 of 7 multi-sig insurance fund held between 5 independent exchange operators and 2 regulatory bodies. All Canadian exchanges could pay premiums at a set rate based on their needed coverage, with a higher price paid for hot wallet coverage (anything not an air-gapped multi-sig cold wallet). Such a model would be much cheaper to manage, offer better coverage, and be much more reliable to payout when needed. The kind of coverage you could have under this model is unheard of. You could even create something like the CDIC to protect Canadians who get their trading accounts hacked if they can sufficiently prove the loss is legitimate. In cases of fraud, gross negligence, or insolvency, the fund can be used to pay affected users directly (utilizing the last transparent balance report in the worst case), something which private insurance would never touch. While it's recommended to have official policies for coverage, a model where members vote would fully cover edge cases. (Could be similar to the Supreme Court where justices vote based on case law.) Such a model could fully protect all Canadians across all platforms. You can have a fiat coverage governed by legal agreements, and crypto-asset coverage governed by both multi-sig and legal agreements. It could be practical, affordable, and inclusive. Now, we are at a crossroads. We can happily give up our freedom, our innovation, and our money. We can pay hefty expenses to auditors, lawyers, and regulators year after year (and make no mistake - this cost will grow to many millions or even billions as the industry grows - and it will be borne by all Canadians on every platform because platforms are not going to eat up these costs at a loss). We can make it nearly impossible for any new platform to enter the marketplace, forcing Canadians to use the same stagnant platforms year after year. We can centralize and consolidate the entire industry into 2 or 3 big players and have everyone else fail (possibly to heavy losses of users of those platforms). And when a flawed security model doesn't work and gets breached, we can make it even more complicated with even more people in suits making big money doing the job that blockchain was supposed to do in the first place. We can build a system which is so intertwined and dependent on big government, traditional finance, and central bankers that it's future depends entirely on that of the fiat system, of fractional banking, and of government bail-outs. If we choose this path, as history has shown us over and over again, we can not go back, save for revolution. Our children and grandchildren will still be paying the consequences of what we decided today. Or, we can find solutions that work. We can maintain an open and innovative environment while making the adjustments we need to make to fully protect Canadian investors and cryptocurrency users, giving easy and affordable access to cryptocurrency for all Canadians on the platform of their choice, and creating an environment in which entrepreneurs and problem solvers can bring those solutions forward easily. None of the above precludes innovation in any way, or adds any unreasonable cost - and these three policies would demonstrably eliminate or resolve all 109 historic cases as studied here - that's every single case researched so far going back to 2011. It includes every loss that was studied so far not just in Canada but globally as well. Unfortunately, finding answers is the least challenging part. Far more challenging is to get platform operators and regulators to agree on anything. My last post got no response whatsoever, and while the OSC has told me they're happy for industry feedback, I believe my opinion alone is fairly meaningless. This takes the whole community working together to solve. So please let me know your thoughts. Please take the time to upvote and share this with people. Please - let's get this solved and not leave it up to other people to do. Facts/background/sources (skip if you like):
The inspiration for the paragraph about splitting wallets was an actual quote from a Canadian company providing custodial services in response to the OSC consultation paper: "We believe that it will be in the in best interests of investors to prohibit pooled crypto assets or ‘floats’. Most Platforms pool assets, citing reasons of practicality and expense. The recent hack of the world’s largest Platform – Binance – demonstrates the vulnerability of participants’ assets when such concessions are made. In this instance, the Platform’s entire hot wallet of Bitcoins, worth over $40 million, was stolen, facilitated in part by the pooling of client crypto assets." "the maintenance of participants (and Platform) crypto assets across multiple wallets distributes the related risk and responsibility of security - reducing the amount of insurance coverage required and making insurance coverage more readily obtainable". For the record, their reply also said nothing whatsoever about multi-sig or offline storage.
In addition to the fact that the $40m hack represented only one "hot wallet" of Binance, and they actually had the vast majority of assets in other wallets (including mostly cold wallets), multiple real cases have clearly demonstrated that risk is still present with multiple wallets. Bitfinex, VinDAX, Bithumb, Altsbit, BitPoint, Cryptopia, and just recently KuCoin all had multiple wallets breached all at the same time, and may represent a significantly larger impact on customers than the Binance breach which was fully covered by Binance. To represent that simply having multiple separate wallets under the same security scheme is a comprehensive way to reduce risk is just not true.
Private insurance has historically never covered a single loss in the cryptocurrency space (at least, not one that I was able to find), and there are notable cases where massive losses were not covered by insurance. Bitpay in 2015 and Yapizon in 2017 both had insurance policies that didn't pay out during the breach, even after a lengthly court process. The same insurance that ShakePay is presently using (and announced to much fanfare) was describe by their CEO himself as covering “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held,” which is something that has never historically happened. As was said with regard to the same policy in 2018 - “I don’t find it surprising that Lloyd’s is in this space,” said Johnson, adding that to his mind the challenge for everybody is figuring out how to structure these policies so that they are actually protective. “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
The most profitable policy for a private insurance company is one with the most expensive premiums that they never have to pay a claim on. They have no inherent incentive to take care of people who lost funds. It's "cheaper" to take the reputational hit and fight the claim in court. The more money at stake, the more the insurance provider is incentivized to avoid payout. They're not going to insure the assets unless they have reasonable certainty to make a profit by doing so, and they're not going to pay out a massive sum unless it's legally forced. Private insurance is always structured to be maximally profitable to the insurance provider.
The circumvention of multi-sig was a key factor in the massive Bitfinex hack of over $60m of bitcoin, which today still sits being slowly used and is worth over $3b. While Bitfinex used a qualified custodian Bitgo, which was and still is active and one of the industry leaders of custodians, and they set up 2 of 3 multi-sig wallets, the entire system was routed through Bitfinex, such that Bitfinex customers could initiate the withdrawals in a "hot" fashion. This feature was also a hit with the hacker. The multi-sig was fully circumvented.
Bitpay in 2015 was another example of a breach that stole 5,000 bitcoins. This happened not through the exploit of any system in Bitpay, but because the CEO of a company they worked with got their computer hacked and the hackers were able to request multiple bitcoin purchases, which Bitpay honoured because they came from the customer's computer legitimately. Impersonation is a very common tactic used by fraudsters, and methods get more extreme all the time.
A notable case in Canada was the Canadian Bitcoins exploit. Funds were stored on a server in a Rogers Data Center, and the attendee was successfully convinced to reboot the server "in safe mode" with a simple phone call, thus bypassing the extensive security and enabling the theft.
The very nature of custodians circumvents multi-sig. This is because custodians are not just having to secure the assets against some sort of physical breach but against any form of social engineering, modification of orders, fraudulent withdrawal attempts, etc... If the security practices of signatories in a multi-sig arrangement are such that the breach risk of one signatory is 1 in 100, the requirement of 3 independent signatures makes the risk of theft 1 in 1,000,000. Since hackers tend to exploit the weakest link, a comparable custodian has to make the entry and exit points of their platform 10,000 times more secure than one of those signatories to provide equivalent protection. And if the signatories beef up their security by only 10x, the risk is now 1 in 1,000,000,000. The custodian has to be 1,000,000 times more secure. The larger and more complex a system is, the more potential vulnerabilities exist in it, and the fewer people can understand how the system works when performing upgrades. Even if a system is completely secure today, one has to also consider how that system might evolve over time or work with different members.
By contrast, offline multi-signature solutions have an extremely solid record, and in the entire history of cryptocurrency exchange incidents which I've studied (listed here), there has only been one incident (796 exchange in 2015) involving an offline multi-signature wallet. It happened because the customer's bitcoin address was modified by hackers, and the amount that was stolen ($230k) was immediately covered by the exchange operators. Basically, the platform operators were tricked into sending a legitimate withdrawal request to the wrong address because hackers exploited their platform to change that address. Such an issue would not be prevented in any way by the use of a custodian, as that custodian has no oversight whatsoever to the exchange platform. It's practical for all exchange operators to test large withdrawal transactions as a general policy, regardless of what model is used, and general best practice is to diagnose and fix such an exploit as soon as it occurs.
False promises on the backing of funds played a huge role in the downfall of Quadriga, and it's been exposed over and over again (MyCoin, PlusToken, Bitsane, Bitmarket, EZBTC, IDAX). Even today, customers have extremely limited certainty on whether their funds in exchanges are actually being backed or how they're being backed. While this issue is not unique to cryptocurrency exchanges, the complexity of the technology and the lack of any regulation or standards makes problems more widespread, and there is no "central bank" to come to the rescue as in the 2008 financial crisis or during the great depression when "9,000 banks failed".
In addition to fraudulent operations, the industry is full of cases where operators have suffered breaches and not reported them. Most recently, Einstein was the largest case in Canada, where ongoing breaches and fraud were perpetrated against the platform for multiple years and nobody found out until the platform collapsed completely. While fraud and breaches suck to deal with, they suck even more when not dealt with. Lack of visibility played a role in the largest downfalls of Mt. Gox, Cryptsy, and Bitgrail. In some cases, platforms are alleged to have suffered a hack and keep operating without admitting it at all, such as CoinBene.
It surprises some to learn that a cryptographic solution has already existed since 2013, and gained widespread support in 2014 after Mt. Gox. Proof of Reserves is a full cryptographic proof that allows any customer using an exchange to have complete certainty that their crypto-assets are fully backed by the platform in real-time. This is accomplished by proving that assets exist on the blockchain, are spendable, and fully cover customer deposits. It does not prove safety of assets or backing of fiat assets.
If we didn't care about privacy at all, a platform could publish their wallet addresses, sign a partial transaction, and put the full list of customer information and balances out publicly. Customers can each check that they are on the list, that the balances are accurate, that the total adds up, and that it's backed and spendable on the blockchain. Platforms who exclude any customer take a risk because that customer can easily check and see they were excluded. So together with all customers checking, this forms a full proof of backing of all crypto assets.
However, obviously customers care about their private information being published. Therefore, a hash of the information can be provided instead. Hash is one-way encryption. The hash allows the customer to validate inclusion (by hashing their own known information), while anyone looking at the list of hashes cannot determine the private information of any other user. All other parts of the scheme remain fully intact. A model like this is in use on the exchange CoinFloor in the UK.
A Merkle tree can provide even greater privacy. Instead of a list of balances, the balances are arranged into a binary tree. A customer starts from their node, and works their way to the top of the tree. For example, they know they have 5 BTC, they plus 1 other customer hold 7 BTC, they plus 2-3 other customers hold 17 BTC, etc... until they reach the root where all the BTC are represented. Thus, there is no way to find the balances of other individual customers aside from one unidentified customer in this case.
Proposals such as this had the backing of leaders in the community including Nic Carter, Greg Maxwell, and Zak Wilcox. Substantial and significant effort started back in 2013, with massive popularity in 2014. But what became of that effort? Very little. Exchange operators continue to refuse to give visibility. Despite the fact this information can often be obtained through trivial blockchain analysis, no Canadian platform has ever provided any wallet addresses publicly. As described by the CEO of Newton "For us to implement some kind of realtime Proof of Reserves solution, which I'm not opposed to, it would have to ... Preserve our users' privacy, as well as our own. Some kind of zero-knowledge proof". Kraken describes here in more detail why they haven't implemented such a scheme. According to professor Eli Ben-Sasson, when he spoke with exchanges, none were interested in implementing Proof of Reserves.
And yet, Kraken's places their reasoning on a page called "Proof of Reserves". More recently, both BitBuy and ShakePay have released reports titled "Proof of Reserves and Security Audit". Both reports contain disclaimers against being audits. Both reports trust the customer list provided by the platform, leaving the open possibility that multiple large accounts could have been excluded from the process. Proof of Reserves is a blockchain validation where customers see the wallets on the blockchain. The report from Kraken is 5 years old, but they leave it described as though it was just done a few weeks ago. And look at what they expect customers to do for validation. When firms represent something being "Proof of Reserve" when it's not, this is like a farmer growing fruit with pesticides and selling it in a farmers market as organic produce - except that these are people's hard-earned life savings at risk here. Platforms are misrepresenting the level of visibility in place and deceiving the public by their misuse of this term. They haven't proven anything.
Fraud isn't a problem that is unique to cryptocurrency. Fraud happens all the time. Enron, WorldCom, Nortel, Bear Stearns, Wells Fargo, Moser Baer, Wirecard, Bre-X, and Nicola are just some of the cases where frauds became large enough to become a big deal (and there are so many countless others). These all happened on 100% reversible assets despite regulations being in place. In many of these cases, the problems happened due to the over-complexity of the financial instruments. For example, Enron had "complex financial statements [which] were confusing to shareholders and analysts", creating "off-balance-sheet vehicles, complex financing structures, and deals so bewildering that few people could understand them". In cryptocurrency, we are often combining complex financial products with complex technologies and verification processes. We are naïve if we think problems like this won't happen. It is awkward and uncomfortable for many people to admit that they don't know how something works. If we want "money of the people" to work, the solutions have to be simple enough that "the people" can understand them, not so confusing that financial professionals and technology experts struggle to use or understand them.
For those who question the extent to which an organization can fool their way into a security consultancy role, HB Gary should be a great example to look at. Prior to trying to out anonymous, HB Gary was being actively hired by multiple US government agencies and others in the private sector (with glowing testimonials). The published articles and hosted professional security conferences. One should also look at this list of data breaches from the past 2 years. Many of them are large corporations, government entities, and technology companies. These are the ones we know about. Undoubtedly, there are many more that we do not know about. If HB Gary hadn't been "outted" by anonymous, would we have known they were insecure? If the same breach had happened outside of the public spotlight, would it even have been reported? Or would HB Gary have just deleted the Twitter posts, brought their site back up, done a couple patches, and kept on operating as though nothing had happened?
In the case of Quadriga, the facts are clear. Despite past experience with platforms such as MapleChange in Canada and others around the world, no guidance or even the most basic of a framework was put in place by regulators. By not clarifying any sort of legal framework, regulators enabled a situation where a platform could be run by former criminal Mike Dhanini/Omar Patryn, and where funds could be held fully unchecked by one person. At the same time, the lack of regulation deterred legitimate entities from running competing platforms and Quadriga was granted a money services business license for multiple years of operation, which gave the firm the appearance of legitimacy. Regulators did little to protect Canadians despite Quadriga failing to file taxes from 2016 onward. The entire administrative team had resigned and this was public knowledge. Many people had suspicions of what was going on, including Ryan Mueller, who forwarded complaints to the authorities. These were ignored, giving Gerald Cotten the opportunity to escape without justice.
There are multiple issues with the SOC II model including the prohibitive cost (you have to find a third party accounting firm and the prices are not even listed publicly on any sites), the requirement of operating for a year (impossible for new platforms), and lack of any public visibility (SOC II are private reports that aren't shared outside the people in suits).
Securities frameworks are expensive. Sarbanes-Oxley is estimated to cost $5.1 million USD/yr for the average Fortune 500 company in the United States. Since "Fortune 500" represents the top 500 companies, that means well over $2.55 billion USD (~$3.4 billion CAD) is going to people in suits. Isn't the problem of trust and verification the exact problem that the blockchain is supposed to solve?
To use Quadriga as justification for why custodians or SOC II or other advanced schemes are needed for platforms is rather silly, when any framework or visibility at all, or even the most basic of storage policies, would have prevented the whole thing. It's just an embarrassment.
We are now seeing regulators take strong action. CoinSquare in Canada with multi-million dollar fines. BitMex from the US, criminal charges and arrests. OkEx, with full disregard of withdrawals and no communication. Who's next?
We have a unique window today where we can solve these problems, and not permanently destroy innovation with unreasonable expectations, but we need to act quickly. This is a unique historic time that will never come again.
Australia to become first crypto-friendly IPO by accepting Tether
An Aussie organization working a hydroponics ranch in Malaysia is directing the principal first sale of stock to acknowledge crypto resources in Australia. https://preview.redd.it/b9esxf8nx7x51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=f5fa096179a32647bd3f7e685c7d697e3428689a Australia's crypto-accommodating capital-raising stage Stax has declared its customer West Coast Aquaculture Group, or WCA will direct the nation's first sale of stock that acknowledges virtual cash as installment. Speculators taking an interest in WCA's contribution can buy value in the organization utilizing Tether (USDT) or Australian dollars. USDT was picked over Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) because of its value dependability. Stax CEO Kenny Lee underlined that stablecoins offer the advantages of cryptographic money without the instability of other computerized resources:
“The acceptance of USDT in an IPO is a transformative move in Australia and a significant step forward for cryptocurrency adoption in general. It paves the way for the future of capital markets down under.”
Lee noted Stax is thinking about help for extra stablecoins in the future. WCA works a huge marine ranch in Langkawi, Malaysia, where it essentially creates new Grouper fish for discount and retail clients in Singapore, Hong Kong, and Malaysia. The capital raised will be utilized for asset extensions including the acquisition of a new incubation centre and nursery offices. WCA is offering between 10 million and 14 million offers at $0.50 each, speaking to somewhere in the range of 8.78% and 11.87% of the complete access. The base objective is $5 million. After the raise, WCA's arrangements for its offers to drift on the Sydney Stock Exchange, with the offers expected to start exchanging close to Nov. 19 SSX CEO Michael Go commended Stax for encouraging a capital raise supporting USDT, expressing:
“This is a first, and historic development in the Australian market which will dictate the future of capital raising, particularly for growth companies.”
Easy to use crypto exchange like Coinbase that doesn't crash when there's a big move?
BTC dipped hard last night, Coinbase crashed as everyone flocked to buy at the dip (as usual) and it's beginning to get on my tits. What do you use as an alternative? Ideally looking for something that has stop loss / take profit features but not over complicated. I did download Binance but the amount of information just blew me away.
Hi, Im in the UK & looking for the best way to make an investment in XRP. I’ve brought bitcoin in the past for online purchases etc, but XRP is new to me. Navigating resources out there is a little confusing, as different sources appear to offer conflicting advice. What I gather is that it may be worth converting GBP to EUR with my revolut account first, as EUR seems to get a better rate on cryptocurrency platforms, I’m not sure how true that is though? I then send EUR to binance or coinbase to convert to BTC/ETH. Here’s where it gets confusing again: many people appear to recommend sending these cryptocurrencies to another platform (Kraken?) to then convert to XRP. From what I can tell binance / coinbase allow conversion to XRP. Why would I add the extra step of using another platform, does it avoid additional fees? I Then send to a cryptowallet. Do you guys have any recommendations for software (preferably android) crypto wallets that can store XRP? im a little lost with that too, as there appear to be so many options. Any advice here is much appreciated, Thanks
10-31 22:06 - '[Serious] How to deal with Crypto Tax 2020?' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/finbar93 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 338-348min
''' First of all,please upvote for visibility + more opinions- this concernsall of us. Also, if you're stupid enough to think you'll get away with avoiding tax's despite KYC'ing to Coinbase & Binance don't bother commenting. News flash! you're gonna end up paying that tax in the long run + huge fines eating into your gains (or even putting you into debt). Anyways... I started investing in 2017. As a noob I did what most people did, chased multiple shitcoins, bought and sold various different pumps getting wrecked along the way. Then towards the end of the year, my portfolio increased significantly... but I DIDN'T sell - so I didn't "crystalise" any gainz. (I sold a couple hundred here and there during hard financial times, but I'm guessing nothing close to the free capital gains allowance). Fast forward just over 2 years, since then I've been buying BTC/ETH/XMR on a consistent basis. It's getting to the point where if I were to sell enough of my stack, I'd owe tax as it'd be over the "allowed" CGT threshold. That leads me to my question... how the fuck are you supposed to calculate capital gains tax when it comes to crypto? For the past 3 years I've traded in and out of alt-coins on multiple exchanges (some of which don't even exist anymore). It would be easy if it was just FIAT IN vs FIAT OUT, but the fact that CRYPTO to CRYPTO is considered taxable just makes it a nightmare! On top of that I did some freelance work (paid in BTC) which adds to the complexity. Take another example of what confuses me: Say I bought 1BTC on Coinbase in 2017, then 1BTC on Kraken in 2018, then 0.5BTC on Coinbase again in 2019, and hold them all in the same wallet. Then if I were to sell 0.5BTC in 2020, what Bitcoin was actually sold? Half of the 1 BTC bought in 2017? Is it FIFO? I genuinely don't know where to start and need help. I don't want to be in a shitty situation (for example some massive 2017-esque bull run happens just before the end of the tax year and I decide to cash out and have 3 days to sort shit out). I want to be prepared. I've come across services such as [[link]3 /[[link]4 etc but feel really hesitant to give quasi-unknown companies full read access to my wallet addresses, portfolio amount, personal email address etc. Privacy is key in the crypto space and I don't want another attack vector especially after seeing much more established companies such as Ledger fucking up (idiots) and losing my personal data. What do I do? I've even thought of selling EVERYTHING to FIAT and immediately buying it all back and taking whatever fine comes my way on the chin just so I can clearly track crypto transactions and not have to stress about it. If anyone has experience with crypto tax's please share any information that may be valuable to me/all the many others that are in the same situation as me. TL;DR: Bought loads of Bitcoin and Shitcoins throughout the past 3 years, finally starting to total up to an amount that'd be taxable if I sold a chunk - dafuq do I do regarding Taxes? ''' [Serious] How to deal with Crypto Tax 2020? Go1dfish undelete link unreddit undelete link Author: finbar93 1: www**oin*rac**r.io/ 2: bitc*i**tax/ 3: *ww.co*ntra*ker*i*/]*^1 4: bi*coi**tax/*^^2 Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
10% of all bitcoins are concentrated on five exchanges
According to Chain.info, about 10.6% of circulating bitcoins are concentrated on only five centralized exchanges. Today, Coinbase, Huobi, Binance, OKEx, and Kraken platforms hold about 1.96 million BTC. Most of the coins are contained on Coinbase addresses – 944,904 BTC. They are distributed among 4.39 million wallets. This is most likely due to the custody services that the platform provides. Second place is held by Huobi with 323,665 BTC, followed by Binance with 289,961 BTC, OKEx with 276,184 BTC, and Kraken with 126,510 coins. The next seven exchanges - Bitflyer, Bittrex, Bitfinex, Poloniex, Coincheck, Gate.io and Bitstamp - hold about 210,000 BTC collectively between them. The data shows that many users still choose to accept the security risks associated with holding assets on centralized exchanges, despite the fundamental spirit of cryptocurrency decentralization.
It is no doubt Grayscale’s booming popularity as a mainstream investment has caused a lot of community hullabaloo lately. As such, I felt it was worth making a FAQ regarding the topic. I’m looking to update this as needed and of course am open to suggestions / adding any questions. The goal is simply to have a thread we can link to anyone with questions on Grayscaleand its products. Instead of explaining the same thing 3 times a day, shoot those posters over to this thread.My hope is that these questions are answered in a fairly simple and easy to understand manner. I think as the sub grows it will be a nice reference point for newcomers. Disclaimer: I do NOT work for Grayscale and as such am basing all these answers on information that can be found on their website / reports. (Grayscale’s official FAQ can be found here). I also do NOT have a finance degree, I do NOT have a Series 6 / 7 / 140-whatever, and I do NOT work with investment products for my day job. I have an accounting background and work within the finance world so I have the general ‘business’ knowledge to put it all together, but this is all info determined in my best faith effort as a layman. The point being is this --- it is possible I may explain something wrong or missed the technical terms, and if that occurs I am more than happy to update anything that can be proven incorrect Everything below will be in reference to ETHE but will apply to GBTC as well.If those two segregate in any way, I will note that accordingly.
ETHE is essentially a stock that intends to loosely track the price of ETH. It does so by having each ETHE be backed by a specific amount of ETH that is held on chain. Initially, the newly minted ETHE can only be purchased by institutions and accredited investors directly from Grayscale. Once a year has passed (6 months for GBTC) it can then be listed on the OTCQX Best Market exchange for secondary trading. Once listed on OTCQX, anyone investor can purchase at this point. Additional information on ETHE can be found here.
So ETHE is an ETF?
No. For technical reasons beyond my personal understandings it is not labeled an ETF. I know it all flows back to the “Securities Act Rule 144”, but due to my limited knowledge on SEC regulations I don’t want to misspeak past that. If anyone is more knowledgeable on the subject I am happy to input their answer here.
How long has ETHE existed?
ETHE was formed 12/14/2017. GBTC was formed 9/25/2013.
How is ETHE created?
The trust will issue shares to “Authorized Participants” in groups of 100 shares (called baskets). Authorized Participants are the only persons that may place orders to create these baskets and they do it on behalf of the investor. Source: Creation and Redemption of Shares section on page 39 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here Note – The way their reports word this makes it sound like there is an army of authorizers doing the dirty work, but in reality there is only one Authorized Participant. At this moment the “Genesis” company is the sole Authorized Participant. Genesis is owned by the “Digital Currency Group, Inc.” which is the parent company of Grayscale as well. (And to really go down the rabbit hole it looks like DCG is the parent company of CoinDesk and is “backing 150+ companies across 30 countries, including Coinbase, Ripple, and Chainalysis.”) Source: Digital Currency Group, Inc. informational section on page 77 of the “Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (BTC) Form 10-K (2019)” – Located Here Source: Barry E. Silbert informational section on page 75 of the “Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (BTC) Form 10-K (2019)” – Located Here
How does Grayscale acquire the ETH to collateralize the ETHE product?
An Investor may acquire ETHE by paying in cash or exchanging ETH already owned.
Cash: The investor pays the subscription amount in cash and the Authorized Participant will use that cash to purchase ETH.
ETH: The investor transfers the ETH to the Authorized Participant, which will contribute the ETH in-kind to the Trust.
Source: Creation and Redemption of Shares section on page 40 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Where does Grayscale store their ETH? Does it have a specific wallet address we can follow?
ETH is stored with Coinbase Custody Trust Company, LLC. I am unaware of any specific address or set of addresses that can be used to verify the ETH is actually there. As an aside - I would actually love to see if anyone knows more about this as it’s something that’s sort of peaked my interest after being asked about it… I find it doubtful we can find that however. Source: Part C. Business Information, Item 8, subsection A. on page 16 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Can ETHE be redeemed for ETH?
No, currently there is no way to give your shares of ETHE back to Grayscale to receive ETH back. The only method of getting back into ETH would be to sell your ETHE to someone else and then use those proceeds to buy ETH yourself. Source: Redemption Procedures on page 41 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Why are they not redeeming shares?
I think the report summarizes it best:
Redemptions of Shares are currently not permitted and the Trust is unable to redeem Shares. Subject to receipt of regulatory approval from the SEC and approval by the Sponsor in its sole discretion, the Trust may in the future operate a redemption program. Because the Trust does not believe that the SEC would, at this time, entertain an application for the waiver of rules needed in order to operate an ongoing redemption program, the Trust currently has no intention of seeking regulatory approval from the SEC to operate an ongoing redemption program.
Source: Redemption Procedures on page 41 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
What is the fee structure?
ETHE has an annual fee of 2.5%. GBTC has an annual fee of 2.0%. Fees are paid by selling the underlying ETH / BTC collateralizing the asset. Source: ETHE’s informational page on Grayscale’s website - Located Here Source: Description of Trust on page 31 & 32 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
What is the ratio of ETH to ETHE?
At the time of posting (6/19/2020) each ETHE share is backed by .09391605 ETH. Each share of GBTC is backed by .00096038 BTC. ETHE & GBTC’s specific information page on Grayscale’s website updates the ratio daily – Located Here For a full historical look at this ratio, it can be found on the Grayscale home page on the upper right side if you go to Tax Documents > 2019 Tax Documents > Grayscale Ethereum Trust 2019 Tax Letter.
Why is the ratio not 1:1? Why is it always decreasing?
While I cannot say for certain why the initial distribution was not a 1:1 backing, it is more than likely to keep the price down and allow more investors a chance to purchase ETHE / GBTC. As noted above, fees are paid by selling off the ETH collateralizing ETHE. So this number will always be trending downward as time goes on. Source: Description of Trust on page 32 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
I keep hearing about how this is locked supply… explain?
As noted above, there is currently no redemption program for converting your ETHE back into ETH. This means that once an ETHE is issued, it will remain in circulation until a redemption program is formed --- something that doesn’t seem to be too urgent for the SEC or Grayscale at the moment. Tiny amounts will naturally be removed due to fees, but the bulk of the asset is in there for good. Knowing that ETHE cannot be taken back and destroyed at this time, the ETH collateralizing it will not be removed from the wallet for the foreseeable future. While it is not fully locked in the sense of say a totally lost key, it is not coming out any time soon. Per their annual statement:
The Trust’s ETH will be transferred out of the ETH Account only in the following circumstances: (i) transferred to pay the Sponsor’s Fee or any Additional Trust Expenses, (ii) distributed in connection with the redemption of Baskets (subject to the Trust’s obtaining regulatory approval from the SEC to operate an ongoing redemption program and the consent of the Sponsor), (iii) sold on an as-needed basis to pay Additional Trust Expenses or (iv) sold on behalf of the Trust in the event the Trust terminates and liquidates its assets or as otherwise required by law or regulation.
Source: Description of Trust on page 31 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Grayscale now owns a huge chunk of both ETH and BTC’s supply… should we be worried about manipulation, a sell off to crash the market crash, a staking cartel?
First, it’s important to remember Grayscale is a lot more akin to an exchange then say an investment firm. Grayscale is working on behalf of its investors to create this product for investor control. Grayscale doesn’t ‘control’ the ETH it holds any more then Coinbase ‘controls’ the ETH in its hot wallet. (Note: There are likely some varying levels of control, but specific to this topic Grayscale cannot simply sell [legally, at least] the ETH by their own decision in the same manner Coinbase wouldn't be able to either.) That said, there shouldn’t be any worry in the short to medium time-frame. As noted above, Grayscale can’t really remove ETH other than for fees or termination of the product. At 2.5% a year, fees are noise in terms of volume. Grayscale seems to be the fastest growing product in the crypto space at the moment and termination of the product seems unlikely. IF redemptions were to happen tomorrow, it’s extremely unlikely we would see a mass exodus out of the product to redeem for ETH. And even if there was incentive to get back to ETH, the premium makes it so that it would be much more cost effective to just sell your ETHE on the secondary market and buy ETH yourself. Remember, any redemption is up to the investors and NOT something Grayscale has direct control over.
Yes, but what about [insert criminal act here]…
Alright, yes. Technically nothing is stopping Grayscale from selling all the ETH / BTC and running off to the Bahamas (Hawaii?). BUT there is no real reason for them to do so. Barry is an extremely public figure and it won’t be easy for him to get away with that. Grayscale’s Bitcoin Trust creates SEC reports weekly / bi-weekly and I’m sure given the sentiment towards crypto is being watched carefully. Plus, Grayscale is making tons of consistent revenue and thus has little to no incentive to give that up for a quick buck.
That’s a lot of ‘happy little feels’ Bob, is there even an independent audit or is this Tether 2.0?
Actually yes, an independent auditor report can be found in their annual reports. It is clearly aimed more towards the financial side and I doubt the auditors are crypto savants, but it is at least one extra set of eyes. Auditors are Friedman LLP – Auditor since 2015. Source: Independent Auditor Report starting on page 116 (of the PDF itself) of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here As mentioned by user TheCrpytosAndBloods (In Comments Below), a fun fact:
The company’s auditors Friedman LLP were also coincidentally TetheBitfinex’s auditors until They controversially parted ways in 2018 when the Tether controversy was at its height. I am not suggesting for one moment that there is anything shady about DCG - I just find it interesting it’s the same auditor.
“Grayscale sounds kind of lame” / “Not your keys not your crypto!” / “Why is anyone buying this, it sounds like a scam?”
Welp, for starters this honestly is not really a product aimed at the people likely to be reading this post. To each their own, but do remember just because something provides no value to you doesn’t mean it can’t provide value to someone else. That said some of the advertised benefits are as follows:
Access to trading within a tax advantaged retirement account
Institutions can easily and safely get exposure to crypto in a more legal-friendly manner
Ease of use for those who are not very technologically savvy
Ease of access for someone who doesn’t want to set up a Coinbase account
Perceived trust in institutional platforms over something like Coinbase or Kraken
Degen traders who just want access to the volatility ETHE provides that have no interest in crypto beyond that
So for example, I can set up an IRA at a brokerage account that has $0 trading fees. Then I can trade GBTC and ETHE all day without having to worry about tracking my taxes. All with the relative safety something like E-Trade provides over Binance. As for how it benefits the everyday ETH holder? I think the supply lock is a positive. I also think this product exposes the Ethereum ecosystem to people who otherwise wouldn’t know about it.
Why is there a premium? Why is ETHE’s premium so insanely high compared to GBTC’s premium?
There are a handful of theories of why a premium exists at all, some even mentioned in the annual report. The short list is as follows:
ETHE is NOT redeeming shares and as such doesn’t have an effective arbitrage mechanism
ETHE has a 1 year wait to be sold on the secondary market, again negating the ability to effectively arbitrage the premium
People may simply be willing to pay a premium for the benefits stated above.
Why is ETHE’s so much higher the GBTC’s? Again, a few thoughts:
ETHE hasn’t been around as long, so there is less secondary market supply to go around
ETHE was listed at an insanely high premium to begin with
ETHE might simply be more popular at the moment
Could just be sheer stupidity (investors think ETHE is a 1:1 ratio not 1:11)
Are there any other differences between ETHE and GBTC?
I touched on a few of the smaller differences, but one of the more interesting changes is GBTC is now a “SEC reporting company” as of January 2020. Which again goes beyond my scope of knowledge so I won’t comment on it too much… but the net result is GBTC is now putting out weekly / bi-weekly 8-K’s and annual 10-K’s. This means you can track GBTC that much easier at the moment as well as there is an extra layer of validity to the product IMO.
I’m looking for some statistics on ETHE… such as who is buying, how much is bought, etc?
There is a great Q1 2020 report I recommend you give a read that has a lot of cool graphs and data on the product. It’s a little GBTC centric, but there is some ETHE data as well. It can be found here hidden within the 8-K filings.Q1 2020 is the 4/16/2020 8-K filing. For those more into a GAAP style report see the 2019 annual 10-K of the same location.
Is Grayscale only just for BTC and ETH?
No, there are other products as well. In terms of a secondary market product, ETCG is the Ethereum Classic version of ETHE. Fun Fact – ETCG was actually put out to the secondary market first. It also has a 3% fee tied to it where 1% of it goes to some type of ETC development fund. In terms of institutional and accredited investors, there are a few ‘fan favorites’ such as Bitcoin Cash, Litcoin, Stellar, XRP, and Zcash. Something called Horizion (Backed by ZEN I guess? Idk to be honest what that is…). And a diversified Mutual Fund type fund that has a little bit of all of those. None of these products are available on the secondary market.
Are there alternatives to Grayscale?
I know they exist, but I don’t follow them. I’ll leave this as a “to be edited” section and will add as others comment on what they know. Per user Over-analyser (in comments below):
As asked by pegcity - Okay so I was under the impression you can just give them your own ETH and get ETHE, but do you get 11 ETHE per ETH or do you get the market value of ETH in USD worth of ETHE?
I have always understood that the ETHE issued directly through Grayscale is issued without the premium. As in, if I were to trade 1 ETH for ETHE I would get 11, not say only 2 or 3 because the secondary market premium is so high. And if I were paying cash only I would be paying the price to buy 1 ETH to get my 11 ETHE. Per page 39 of their annual statement, it reads as follows:
The Trust will issue Shares to Authorized Participants from time to time, but only in one or more Baskets (with a Basket being a block of 100 Shares). The Trust will not issue fractions of a Basket. The creation (and, should the Trust commence a redemption program, redemption) of Baskets will be made only in exchange for the delivery to the Trust, or the distribution by the Trust, of the number of whole and fractional ETH represented by each Basket being created (or, should the Trust commence a redemption program, redeemed), which is determined by dividing (x) the number of ETH owned by the Trust at 4:00 p.m., New York time, on the trade date of a creation or redemption order, after deducting the number of ETH representing the U.S. dollar value of accrued but unpaid fees and expenses of the Trust (converted using the ETH Index Price at such time, and carried to the eighth decimal place), by (y) the number of Shares outstanding at such time (with the quotient so obtained calculated to one one-hundred-millionth of one ETH (i.e., carried to the eighth decimal place)), and multiplying such quotient by 100 (the “Basket ETH Amount”). All questions as to the calculation of the Basket ETH Amount will be conclusively determined by the Sponsor and will be final and binding on all persons interested in the Trust. The Basket ETH Amount multiplied by the number of Baskets being created or redeemed is the “Total Basket ETH Amount.” The number of ETH represented by a Share will gradually decrease over time as the Trust’s ETH are used to pay the Trust’s expenses. Each Share represented approximately 0.0950 ETH and 0.0974 ETH as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Hey Guys! Long time HODL'er and lurker here - Curious if there are any new(er)/better ways I've missed to buy/exchange for ADA? I bought ADA back in 2017 on Bittrex, currently staking using the new(ish) Daedalus ITN, and looking to buy more and increase my stake... Just curious if there are better ways (as a Canadian) to do so. Current method: Coinbase - purchase bitcoin > move to Bittrex > exchange for ADA > move to Daedalus. Better, more efficient suggestions with less fees, etc...? Thanks!
EOS Blockchain Community is Cooperating with Google Cloud
There is also invited Goldman Sachs veteran to be the lead of Block One's advisory board. Google Cloud is cooperating with the EOS blockchain association with the purpose to become a block producer. This would expect the permission of the EOS community. EOS, which has been criticized for unnecessary centralization, has 21 block producers altogether. https://preview.redd.it/42h7l6u9utr51.jpg?width=1220&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9cc0c24424b5b52caa948385202fdf87ea7eaf97 In the firm press statement, Google Cloud developer and advocate, Allen Day, is quoted verifying that his business is beginning the process of coming to a block producer:
“As organizations begin to incorporate distributed ledger technology into their infrastructures, we are committed to ensuring that the information on public blockchains are securely stored, reliably available, and can be accessed in meaningful ways.”
In a similar report, CEO of Block One, Brendan Blumer purported that EOS is liable for the majority of known blockchain action, though he didn't define the principles through which he gave that summing-up:
“With the majority of global public blockchain activity, EOS is a powerful solution for anyone looking to leverage the decentralized ecosystem with ease".
Seeking advice for boomer parents to help them secure a HODL stack.
My dad is looking to buy and hold bitcoin using a sizeable portion of his net worth. Last bull run I gave him a paper wallet with a non-negligible amount of btc which I helped him scoop into a mobile wallet. Fast forward a year or two later and he's already traded in the phone and lost the private keys (first lesson for him). Last year I got him a ledger hardware wallet and taught him how to send/receive transactions and consolidate keys after buying on cashapp. He doesn't feel confident holding his own keys yet, and as proof he leaves his private key card opened in his desk, definitely risking any coin getting swiped by accidentally holding it up in front of an insecure webcam (or a million other wrong moves). I'd like to get him setup with a third-party custodian with good security, but I don't have much experience there. I'm planning on suggesting that he buy and hold on Cash app, Kraken, Binance US, or GBTC for the added security. Bitcoin reddit, do you have any advice on solutions I can look into or companies to be aware of? How have you helped friends and family secure their bitcoin through a custodial solution? What reading materials or podcasts would you suggest I send his way? Thanks in advance!
The Undiscovered Facts Behind Money Laundering, Cryptocurrency, and Banks
A week ago, a lot of documents known as the FinCEN documents were delivered, enumerating how the absolute greatest banks on the globe move trillions of dollars in dubious exchanges for suspected psychological militants, kleptocrats, and drug top dogs. Also, the U.S. government has neglected to stop it. https://preview.redd.it/lme57jyyx1r51.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=014ead7b7b812b3d6cbaf4a141eeec123589121b The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network ("FinCEN"), an agency inside the Treasury Department, accused of battling tax evasion, psychological militant financing, and other monetary violations. An assortment of "dubious movement reports" offers a window into budgetary debasement, and how governments can't or reluctant to stop it. Benefits from destructive medication wars, fortunes stole from creating nations, and hard-earned investment funds taken in Ponzi plans, all course through money related establishments, in spite of admonitions from bank workers. These reports are available to US law enforcement agencies and other nations’ financial intelligence operations. Although FinCEN is aware of the money laundering activities, it lacks the authority to stop it. Money laundering is more than a financial crime. It is a tool that makes all other crimes possible - from drug trafficking to political crimes. And banks make it all possible. In a detailed expose, BuzzFeedNews named several of the most trusted banks. Current investigations show that even after fines and prosecutions, well-known JPMorgan Chase JPM (+0.9%), HSBC, Standard Chartered, Deutsche Bank, and Bank of New York Mellon BK (+0.8%) are all involved in moving funds for suspected criminals. The current money related framework generally protects the banks and its heads from the indictment, inasmuch as the bank documents a notification with FinCEN that it might be encouraging crime. The dubious movement alert adequately gives the banks a free pass. Thus, unlawful finances keep on moving through banks into different businesses from oil to amusement to land, further isolating the rich from poor people, while the banks we have developed to trust, make everything conceivable. As indicated by the United Nations, the assessed measure of cash laundered universally in one year is 2 to 5% of the worldwide GDP, or $800 billion to $2 trillion, with more than thank 90% of illegal tax avoidance going undetected today. Simultaneously, the cryptocurrency industry has likewise been condemned for being an apparatus for tax evasion, in spite of insights expressing something else. It is assessed that solitary 1.1% of all digital currency exchanges are illegal. During its initial days, Bitcoin was generally connected with the Silk Road, an online dim net commercial center, where clients could buy weapons and unlawful medications namelessly. Be that as it may, with the developing utilization of the Bitcoin organization, 42 million Bitcoin wallets, and checking, it is getting progressively conceivable to follow exchanges on open blockchains, while private financial exchanges stay covered up on display. This week, I had a chance to plunk down with Chanpeng Zhao "CZ", the Founder and CEO of Binance, the biggest cryptographic money trade by volume on the planet, to get his interpretation of illegal tax avoidance both in the customary and the computerized fund universes. Coming up next are a couple of features from our meeting: Much obliged to you for going along with us today, CZ. As you would see it, for what reason is illegal tax avoidance especially destructive to our economy? CZ: As monetary administration suppliers, it is our obligation to battle unlawful action. Everybody shares this duty. Yet, regularly once the principles are set up, individuals will attempt to get around the guidelines. What's more, there are individuals who simply need more business, and knowing or unconsciously will encourage these exchanges. We live in an intricate world, where one nation may see a go about as criminal and the other may not. Many individuals have a high contrast see, yet the world is really dim. Not all banks are honest and not all crypto organizations are terrible. The digital currency industry has experienced harsh criticism for encouraging unlawful exchanges. How would you think conventional money and digital currency businesses analyze in such manner? CZ: If you are utilizing Bitcoin, it is a straightforward record. When you have a couple of exchanges, you can follow the assets right back to where the coins were mined. So along these lines, blockchain really gives a straightforward record to everybody to dissect. In the event that you piece together a couple of information focuses and do a group examination, it isn't that difficult for a calculation to break down the beginning. Security coins are more earnestly to follow, yet their market top isn't unreasonably high, making bigger exchanges more troublesome. So to be completely forthright, it is a lot simpler to make illegal exchanges utilizing fiat than utilizing crypto. How might you analyze the volume of illegal exchanges in crypto versus fiat? CZ:It's likely a thousand times less. Essentially, for any important measure of cash you need to move in the crypto, it is exceptionally difficult to move it namelessly. There are outsider checking devices and information bases that can coordinate a considerable lot of the addresses to known people. The digital currency market top is little to the point, that in the event that you are moving a $100 million dollars, you can't do as such without experiencing an incorporated trade, making it considerably simpler to follow. The cryptographic money space overall was begun by Satoshi Nakomoto as to some degree a campaign against the defilement of banks. Remarkably, the beginning square of Bitcoin contained a commentary tending to the bailouts of banks in 2008 and 2009 ["The Times 3 January 2009 - Chancellor on edge of second bailout for banks."] Is that ethos still alive in the digital currency space today, the drive to bring down the enormous person? CZ: I have even more a fair view here. Some in the crypto space are against banks, fiat, and so forth., while others think digital forms of money are utilized by drug masters. Those are two extraordinary perspectives. My view is that digital money offers opportunities - a further extent of opportunity in exchanges, ventures, property, reserve funds, and so on. We are simply offering another choice for clients who esteem that opportunity and control. I'm not against any bank or any single individual. I think crypto offers a higher opportunity of cash, and thusly we need to give more individuals admittance to crypto… If I don't care for the banks, I simply don't utilize them. Where do you feel the equalization lies between the legislature securing its residents as opposed to encouraging advancement? CZ: I accept governments ought to be public administrations. They ought to give streets and fire departments...Whenever there is government intercession, it is awful for the economy. At whatever point an administration encourages one gathering, it naturally harms another. The administration influences the parity of the economy giving assistance to a gathering that isn't sufficiently serious to remain alive. So at whatever point an administration rescues huge banks, or any business so far as that is concerned, they just appear as though they are making a difference. I have confidence in a free economy, and I buy into that way of thinking unequivocally. Much obliged to you for your understanding, CZ. More information about PrivateX: www.privatex.io PrivateX is a private wallet for sending, receiving, and storing your Bitcoin and Ethereum. If you are interested in services, contact us [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) #moneylaundering#privatex#buybitcoin24#binance#huobiglobal#kraken#crypto#bitcoin#consulting24#buybitcoin#buybitcoinnow#blockchain#startacompanyinestonia#companyinestonia#estonia#cryptoexchanges#privatexcoin
Now transactions in the TkeyNet network are instant. You won’t even notice how the TKEY delivers to the recipient. For example, when you send a payment from card to card, and after a few seconds, the money is in the recipient’s possession. Despite the fast speed of transactions, the system has not only preserved its security properties but also strengthened them and still works on the blockchain.
“The chain of information a store on every computer in the network. The addition of information occurs by using cryptographic functions, allowing you to identify the information for any period. When a new data block adds to the TkeyNet network, the integrity of all previous information confirm by the entire TkeyNet, and each node checks its integrity.”
What is it for, and how does the “Financial Marketplace module” work?
TkeyNet combines various assets in a single system, creating instant access to liquidity. Digital exchanges connect to TkeyNet and provide assets for exchange: BTC, USDT, ETH, and others. For example, Kraken connects to TkeyNet and provides digital assets: ETH, ETC. Binance: USD, BTC. Bitfinex: USDT, EOS, etc. Exchanges can provide any assets that trade on their platforms. The blockchain acts as a Registrar of financial transactions. Accounts, balances, and orders store in a distributed registry TkeyNet, and copies of data to distribute across network TkeyNet nodes. Payment routing is implemented in the TkeyNet system, which allows you to track not only balances but also distribute transactions without the participation of any party. The user, in turn, has quick access to transactions with digital currencies, regardless of the blockchain used: Bitcoin, Ethereum, EOS, or any other, transactions are recorded in TkeyNet, and transactions are processed instantly.
“The task of the platform is to automate the interaction of the parties and ensure the convenience of performing operations. — This is the core element of a trusted environment.”
In addition to digital assets, the “Financial Marketplace module” includes working with Fiat currencies, stocks, bonds, as well as raw materials: oil, gas, diamonds, etc. — This means that payment systems, banks, currency exchanges, commodity exchanges, and other financial market participants, are also connected to the TkeyNet blockchain.
Payments between companies in a few seconds
https://preview.redd.it/v84fizszvdp51.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=e501b06661b2a960fe75abe07a1aba5177db620d Companies can make payments in seconds, not days. TkeyNet can seriously mitigate the adverse risks of extraterritorial sanctions against the financial system of the countries if such follow. Also, the ability to conduct internal and cross-border transfers through an independent financial channel directly to the counterparty at high-speed is beneficial to business and the state from any point of view. Each user will be able to make quick transfers to counterparty wallets, exchange digital currency for another or fiat money at the current exchange rate.
What else is interesting? — Applications
Developers can connect to TkeyNet and get access to a large-scale pool of liquidity: digital currencies, stocks, precious metals, etc. This solution not only reduces development costs but also allows you to get access to the best prices and fast exchanges. You can create any financial application, regardless of the market usage: a cryptocurrency, or financial markets. Developers can create a digital Bank or exchange, fast connect the app, and TkeyNet using the API.
“By working with partners around the world, we can significantly increase our market share in this business, providing our partners with ready-made tools without risks.”
And also regardless of the applications that will be created by partner developers. The company will provide its interfaces that will provide access to various types of assets — digital currencies: BTC, USDT, ETH, etc.; Fiat currencies: euros, dollars, pounds, etc.; securities and commodity assets. https://preview.redd.it/23whmnm1wdp51.png?width=679&format=png&auto=webp&s=52bf10bf43268f835cff981a110d41528b838a89 Anywhere in the world, at any time, the system user will have access to the desired currency without having to exchange one for another. Also, when implementing the application for NFC payments, it will become even easier to use the system. However, even with the availability of several types of currencies, such as the pound, dollar, and euro, it is easy to make payments abroad.
“According to the World Bank, more than 1.7 billion adults are still not covered by banking services, but two-thirds of them have a mobile phone that can help them access financial services. — This tells us one thing: the traditional banking approach is exceptionally inefficient. Lack of infrastructure: a network of ATMs, fees and deposits, a network of cashiers, and internal money transfer programs are just some named obstacles to creating a real banking experience.”
Imagine that in one app you have access to Apple shares, Tesla shares, gold, precious metals, rubles, dollars, and even oil if you want. TkeyNet — makes this possible. TkeyNet is an industrial solution designed for companies and users at the same time. Since payments in the system are very fast, a person can store and send money in any asset they want. This flexibility creates an open market, which is necessary at present.
TkeyNet back-end — completed. Currently, we are actively working on the front-end side. Regardless of working on the front-end side, the TkeyNet system is tested on an ongoing basis.
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